Excess weight is not only associated with life-threatening diseases, but it also ruins your confidence and self-esteem. There is no denying the fact that obesity can lead to several serious health conditions, including high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallstones, sleep apnea, multiple types of heart ailments, and various types of cancer. So, unless you take some serious efforts to shed those extra pounds, you may end up having those diseases. Sounds harsh, but it’s a scientifically proven fact. An equally known fact is that bariatric surgery is a safe and fast medium to lose that stubborn fat, and it helps you regain the confidence you have been longing for.
What is Bariatric Surgery
Bariatric surgery helps you lose weight by making changes in your digestive system. It does so by either restricting your calories intake alone or along with limiting the absorption of nutrients in your body. This, in turn, helps you lose weight faster.
Can you go for bariatric surgery?
Although bariatric surgery might sound tempting and promising for those who intend to lose weight, its success depends on their ability to make some serious and permanent lifestyle changes.
You may qualify for bariatric surgery if:
a- You are obese with a BMI of 40 or higher
b- Your BMI is 35 or higher with serious weight-related conditions like heart disease or diabetes
c- All the efforts in terms of diet and exercise have failed
There are four types of bariatric weight loss surgery. These are:
a- Adjustable Gastric Banding: In this procedure, surgeons place a gastric band around your stomach and create a small pouch. Adjustable gastric banding induces weight loss by limiting the amount of food the newly created stomach can hold. One of the best parts of the adjustable gastric banding is that it is completely reversible and involves no cutting of the stomach or bypassing the small intestines.
b- Gastric Bypass: The gastric bypass or Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass is the most common weight loss surgery performed in America. In this procedure, the stomach is divided to create a small pouch and then connect it to a portion of the small intestine, bypassing a major part of the upper small intestine.
c- Gastric Sleeves: Here, the surgeon removes almost 80% of the stomach, leaving a small portion resembling a banana in terms of shape and size. It reduces the amount of food it can hold, resulting in rapid weight loss.
d- Duodenal Switch: It is the most complex procedure amongst all the bariatric weight-loss surgeries. The stomach is reduced to 25% of its original size, and then the small intestine is rerouted and connected to the newly created stomach.
Risks and complications associated with bariatric surgery
All surgeries carry some risks, and bariatric surgery is no exception. However, the benefits and freedom from overweight issues after bariatric surgery outweigh the small side effects associated with it.
There are several health institutes in Mumbai that offer such surgeries.